The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO), in collaboration with the National Association of State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Directors (NASADAD), developed the Preventing Opioid Misuse in the States and Territories framework to provide a public health-facilitated approach for states and territories to respond to the nation’s opioid crisis. Used effectively, this tool will help states and territories organize resources and look across their jurisdictions to identify where planning is strong, where there are gaps, and where they can expand collaboration and engage in strategic conversations with partners across sectors to coordinate planning.
Partnerships are critical to reducing the devastating impacts of this epidemic. ASTHO strongly encourages multi-sector approaches that pay particular attention to communities in need and rural populations, as these areas experience significant challenges with access to treatment and recovery support. Collaboration with state alcohol and drug agencies that manage each state's publicly funded substance use disorder treatment, prevention and recovery system promotes an effective and efficient statewide system of care. State and territorial public health agencies, state alcohol and drug agencies, health care delivery, law enforcement, and many others have critical roles to play in this strategy and are “co-owners” of a state’s or territory’s response. Collective efforts of public and private partners will bring our nation closer to reducing or eliminating opioid misuse.
The framework is built around four key strategies and related objectives for state and territorial health officials to carry out or to ensure are being carried out with other governmental and non-governmental partners as part of a comprehensive response to preventing opioid misuse in their jurisdictions. Each strategy is supported with a list of tactics, and evidence-based tools and promising approaches for addressing the opioid crisis. Additional research is needed to expand the evidence base and assess the most effective approaches necessary to reduce the devastating impacts of this epidemic.
The four key strategies are: